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Interior Finishes - Mouldings

Homeowners are always seeking to enhance the beauty and value of their homes. Some may choose to do this with expensive renovations and redesigning but you don’t always need dramatic changes to spice things up. Small changes can have a big impact too. One way to enhance the appearance of your home and give it a more elegant feel, without breaking the bank, is to add decorative moulding. Simply put, moulding is strip of material used to create a border or frame around interior and exterior edges. Mouldings are often used to cover transitions between surfaces but more often used for decoration to add that “finishing touch”. Mouldings have the ability to give life to an otherwise plain and dull room and will ultimately increase the value of your property. They come in a variety of types and it is important to distinguish each type and their uses.

Types of Mouldings

Casing – This type of moulding is used around doors and window frames. These are usually the most visible mouldings in a room. Baseboard – As the name implies, this type of moulding is used on the base of a wall, where the wall meets the floor. They are usually wider than casings, about three to five inches in width. Crown – This type of moulding literally “crowns” the room. It is installed at the top of the wall where it meets the ceiling and is designed to add an extravagant flair to the room. Chair rail – Where other types of moulding may be purely for decoration, chair rails play a dual role. It can be installed purely for decorative purposes but also to protect walls from being damaged by furniture. Picture rail – Like chair rails, picture rails serve a practical and decorative purpose. It allows a homeowner to hang photos and artwork without having to damage their walls with nails. Cove – Cove mouldings are a less ornate version of crown mouldings. These are also installed where the wall and ceiling meet. Dentil – Dentil moulding is a pattern of small blocks, used to form a decorative band. While it is most commonly used to enhance crown moulding, it can also be used in other areas. Egg-and-Dart – This type of moulding is named for its design which incorporates oval, egg-like shapes and dart patterns. The design has ancient Greek origins and is still popular in modern-day architecture. Batten - Batten moulding is a strip used to cover the seams between panels of decorative wall boards. It is also referred to as board-and-batten. Bead/Pearl – This type of moulding is named for its intricate design of small beads or pearls in a single row. It is commonly used with other designs, typically in crown moulding or chair rails.

Each type of moulding can be used to hide wall damage, or unattractive flaws and blotches in a wall, making your home more visually appealing. And while moulding most commonly comes in plain white, they can be painted to suit your preference and tastes.


Now that you know the different types, how do you go about choosing which is the most suitable for your home? First, you have to take into account the material. Mouldings come in a variety of materials, though wood is the most popular for interior decorating. Poplar, Pine, Fir, Oak and Aspen are a few of the types of wood used for this purpose and they each have their benefits. For instance, mouldings made from Poplar wood are easy to paint and stain making it easy to adapt to any room. The grain and knot patters in Pine and Oak wood can add texture and character to your design. Mouldings are also available in Polyurethane, Polystyrene, PVC and MDF. Unlike wood, Polyurethane, Polystyrene and PVC won’t rot or split or become warped. These are perfect for exterior surfaces or areas that are likely to be exposed to moisture. They are also slightly bendable, making these types more suitable for uneven walls. On the economical side, these are a lot cheaper than wood. Using mouldings on the exterior of your home can give your home that extra “curb appeal”. Use them on the outer side of doors and windows to make them “pop” and stand out. Choose moulding that goes well with the type and style your home. For instance, older, Victorian/colonial style homes may look better with more intricate patterns of moulding than a modern, concrete house.


As mentioned earlier, most mouldings come in plain white. Many people choose to keep the plain colour which can contrast nicely with the colour of their walls and other décor. Keep the white mouldings if your rooms are painted in dark colours. This can help to brighten up your space. However, if white isn’t your cup of tea, don’t be afraid to paint your mouldings in whatever colour you prefer. To create a unified look throughout your home, it would be wise to paint all mouldings in the same colour. Unless you wish to highlight certain areas, for instance mouldings around a fireplace, go for one solid colour. If your walls are painted in a light colour, go for darker coloured mouldings to create than contrast and make the decoration stand out. You can stay within the same colour scheme. For example, if your walls are light blue, you can paint your moulding a dark blue. Unpainted wooden mouldings can be left as is to give your home an earthy, rustic look and feel. The natural patterns and grains in wood can be a design all by itself that doesn’t need much work other than a coat of varnish or stain.


So as you can see, simply installing mouldings in your home can give it a whole new look without any intrusive or expensive alterations.

Here at TriniHelper, we have a list of skilled carpenters ready to help you bring your project to life, give us a call for a free estimate or consultation.

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